TENS PEMF therapy in the management of Drug Resistance Bacteria
The following studies represent some of the clinical evidence for the use of TENS PEMF therapy in the management of Drug Resistance Bacteria.
Please note that these studies were not done on the Rife PEMF device, but rather represent studies including outputs which can be found on the various Rife Model MA devices.
|Electromagnetic augmentation of antibiotic efficacy in infection of orthopaedic implants.||Infection of orthopaedic implants is a significant problem, with increased antibiotic resistance of adherent 'biofilm' bacteria causing difficulties in treatment. We have investigated the in vitro effect of a pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on the efficacy of antibiotics in the treatment of infection of implants. Five-day biofilms of Staphylococcus epidermidis were grown on the tips of stainless-steel pegs. They were exposed for 12 hours to varying concentrations of gentamicin or vancomycin in microtitre trays at 37 degrees C and 5% CO2. The test group were exposed to a PEMF. The control tray was not exposed to a PEMF. After exposure to antibiotic the pegs were incubated overnight, before standard plating onto blood agar for colony counting. Exposure to a PEMF increased the effectiveness of gentamicin against the five-day biofilms of Staphylococcus epidermidis. In three of five experiments there was reduction of at least 50% in the minimum biofilm inhibitory concentration. In a fourth experiment there was a two-log difference in colony count at 160 mg/l of gentamicin. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) confirmed an effect by a PEMF on the efficacy of gentamicin which was significant at p < 0.05. There was no significant effect with vancomycin.|
|Augmentation of antibiotic activity by low-frequency electric and electromagnetic fields examining Staphylococcus aureus in broth media.||Systemic treatment of biomaterial-associated bacterial infections with high doses of antibiotics is an established therapeutic concept. The purpose of this in vitro study was to determine the influence of magnetic, electromagnetic, and electric fields on gentamicin-based, antibiotic therapy. It has been previously reported that these fields are successful in the treatment of bone healing and reducing osteitis in infected tibia-pseudarthroses. Four separate experimental setups were used to expose bacterial cultures of Staphylococcus aureus both in Mueller-Hinton broth (MHB) and on Mueller-Hinton agar (MHA), in the presence of gentamicin, to (1) a low-frequency magnetic field (MF) 20 Hz, 5 mT; (2) a low-frequency MF combined with an additional alternating electric field (MF + EF) 20 Hz, 5 mT, 470 mV/cm; (3) a sinusoidal alternating electric field (EF AC) 20 Hz, 470 mV/cm; and (4) a direct current electric field (EF DC) 588 mV/cm. No significant difference between samples and controls was detected on MHA. However, in MHB each of the four fields applied showed a significant growth reduction of planktonically grown Staphylococcus aureus in the presence of gentamicin between 32% and 91% within 24 h of the experiment. The best results were obtained by a direct current EF, decreasing colony-forming units (CFU)/ml more than 91%. The application of electromagnetic fields in the area of implant and bone infections could offer new perspectives in antibiotic treatment and antimicrobial chemotherapy.|
|Drug resistance modification using pulsing electromagnetic field stimulation for multidrug resistant mouse osteosarcoma cell line.||Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major problems in osteosarcoma chemotherapy. Therefore, methods of overcoming MDR are urgently needed. In this study, we investigated the effects of pulsing electromagnetic field stimulation (PEMFs) on a MDR murine osteosarcoma cell line which strongly expresses P-glycoprotein (P-gp). To assess the reversal effects of PEMFs on doxorubicin (DOX) resistance, MTT assay was applied. Viable cells were assessed by the trypan blue exclusion test. Fluorescence intensity of DOX binding to nuclear DNA of each cell was measured using a cytofluorometer. Changes in P-gp expression in each cell were detected by the indirect immunofluorescence method using an antibody to Pgp. PEMFs increased DOX binding ability to nuclear DNA and inhibited cell growth, although it had no significant effect on P-gp expression. These findings indicated that PEMFs reversed the DOX resistance of the MOS/ADR1 cells by inhibiting P-gp function. The results suggested that PEMFs may be useful as a local treatment for MDR osteosarcoma.|
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