The aim of this article on PEMF TENS for Alzheimer disease is provide a simple review of the studies on the effects of electrotherapy including the effects of PEMF TENS therapy for Alzheimer’s disease.
This review contains 10 studies related to electrotherapy and the symptoms, progression and prognosis of Alzheimer disease. The review is not intended as an exhaustive list of studies in this area.
For an article on how PEMF TENS for Alzheimer disease can benefit patients, please feel free to read our article, “How PEMF therapy benefits Alzheimer disease.” For information on how HSV1 and the herpes virus can impact Alzheimer patients, please read our article: "PEMF TENS Alzheimer Update: The Alzheimer HSV1 link".
List of studies on PEMF TENS for Alzheimer Disease:
|1.||Temporal cortex direct current stimulation enhances visual recognition in Alzheimer’s Disease Link||The results showed a significant effect of stimulation condition on VRM (p = 0.0085), and post hoc analysis showed an improvement after temporal (p = 0.01) and prefrontal (p = 0.01) tDCS as compared with sham stimulation. There were no significant changes in attention as indexed by Stroop task performance. As far as is known, this is the first trial showing that tDCS can enhance a component of recognition memory||2 mA|
|2.||Prolonged visual memory enhancement after direct current stimulation in Alzheimer's disease Link||After patients received tDCS, their performance in a visual recognition memory test significantly improved. We found a main effect of tDCS on memory performance, i.e., anodal stimulation improved it by 8.99% from baseline, whereas sham stimulation decreased it by 2.62%. tDCS failed to influence differentially general cognitive performance measures or a visual attention measure||2 mA intensity delivered for 30 minutes per day for 5 consecutive days.|
|3.||Transcranial direct current stimulation improves recognition memory in Alzheimer disease. Link||Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) delivered over the temporoparietal areas can specifically affect a recognition memory performance in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD). Because tDCS is simple, safe and inexpensive, our finding prompts studies using repeated tDCS, in conjunction with other therapeutic interventions for treating patients with AD.||Unkown|
|4.||tDCS alongside picture training improves naming scores in Anomic dementia Link||Patients treated and giving training improved 10% and 7 % over patients given no training or treatment||10 sessions 2mA over 3 weeks|
|5.||rTMS as a treatment for Alzheimer’s||Patients who received rTMS in early stages of Alzheimer’s disease showed noticeably stronger improvement during treatment sessions||20Hz 2 second intervals|
|6.||Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Cortical Neuronal Activity in Alzheimer’s Disease||anodal tDCS benefits in AD patients during working memory tasks are supported by the modulation of cortical activity||1.5mA intensity for 15 min over bilateral TP areas|
|7.||At-home tDCS of the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex improves visual short-term memory in mild vascular dementia. Link||In patients with mild vascular dementia, anodal tDCS of the left DLPFC is able to produce additional effects to cognitive training on visual short-term memory, verbal working memory, and executive control.||2mA 20 minute sessions|
|8.||Alzheimer's disease: improvement of visual memory and visuoconstructive performance by treatment with picotesla range magnetic fields Link||The report demonstrates, for the first time, that specific cognitive symptoms of AD are improved by treatment with EMF of a specific intensity and frequency. The rapid improvement in cognitive functions in response to EMF suggests that some of the mental deficits of AD are reversible being caused by a functional (i.e., synaptic transmission) rather than a structural (i.e., neuritic plaques) disruption of neuronal communication in the central nervous system.||the range of 5Hz-8Hz|
|9.||Value and Efficacy of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in the Cognitive Rehabilitation: A Critical Review Since 2000 Link||… “most of the studies reviewed reported a positive
Effect of tDCS in all these neurocognitive disorders”
|10.||Adjunctive treatment with high frequency repetitive
transcranial magnetic stimulation for the behavioral and
psychological symptoms of patients with Alzheimer’s disease:
a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study
|Conclusion: Compared to treatment of AD with low-dose antipsychotic medications alone, the combination
of low-dose antipsychotic medication with adjunctive treatment with high frequency rTMS can significantly
improve both cognitive functioning and the behavioral and psychological symptoms that often accompany
|20Hz rTMS five days a week for four weeks|
Please also see our protocol for Alzheimer disease here: Protocol for PEMF TENS for Alzheimer disease